Questions with the SEGway Light Tour

  1. What is the electromagnetic Spectrum?
  2. Compare and contrast the light spectrum and the electromagnetic spectrum.
  3. What are the eight (8) different FILTERS that astronomers use to study stars, galaxies, and other celestial bodies. For four of the filters, name a celestial body for which they showed a picture. (HINT: Remember that astronomers take photographs of the stars, and decide what they are made of from the pictures.
  4. What do the amplitude and wavelength of a light wave tell us?

Multiple Choice:

1. How does light travel?

a) as a wave
b) instantaneously from one place to another
c) with no outside influence, in curved and straight lines
d) out from your eyes so you can see things

2. The speed that light travels can be affected by

a) a strong magnetic field
b) the various materials it passes through
c) nothing - it is always the same
d) gravity

3. What is a wavelength?

a) the time it takes for light to travel from an object to our eyes
b) the distance from the crest to the trough in a wave
c) the distance from one crest to the next crest in a wave
d) the amount of time for a wave to pass a given point

4. What is the amplitude of a wave?

a) how high the sound is that the wave makes
b) how fast the wave is vibrating
c) distance from the lowest point to the highest point in a wave
d) the color of the wave's light

5. Which of the following list of waves is in order from shortest to longest?

a) x-ray, visible, radio
b) microwave, ultraviolet, gamma ray
c) ultraviolet, x-ray, infrared
d) infrared, visible, ultraviolet

6. What does an angstrom measure?

a) distance
b) temperature
c) brightness
d) amplitude

7. How big is an angstrom? The abbreviation "cm" is short for centimeter, 1 cm = 1/100 of a meter.

a) 1.0 X10 - 8 cm
b) 1.0 X10
- 6 cm
c) 1.0 X10 7 cm
d) 1.0 X10 6 cm

 

8. Match the range of wavelength with the type of light. "w" is the wavelength in angstroms.

1. 1.0 X1014 > w > 1.0 X109
( from 100 trillion to 1 billion)

a) gamma ray

2. 1.0 X1069 > w > 1.0 X106
(from 1 billion to 1 million)

b) ultraviolet

3. 1.0 X1067 > w > 1.0 X104
(from 10 million to 10 thousand)

c) infrared

4. 7,000 > w > 4,000

d) radio

5. 4,000 > w > 100

e) microwave

6. 100 > w > 1.0 X10 - 7
(from 100 to 1 ten-millionth)

f) x-ray

7. 0.1 > w > 1.0 X10 - 10
(from 1 tenth to 1 billionth)

g) visible

 

9. How many types of light can a star in space produce?

a) It can produce several kinds of light
b) Only one, but it can be more than one color
c) Never more than two
d) Only one

10. Which type of light penetrates the Earth's atmosphere?

a) visible and gamma ray
b) gamma ray and ultraviolet
c) visible and radio
d) radio and x ray