Class 10th Grade Integrated Science Date: Fall 1999

LESSON PLAN

SEVEN-STEP

Agenda: Astronomy (Stars & Light) To Do List Time (min)

Anticipatory Set: Vocabulary list, and researching the classes of stars.

 

Objectives: 1) CONTENT STANDARD 18: Students understand that the universe and planetary systems have evolved for billions of years and will continue to evolve.

a) 18.1 Constructing a model that describes the development of a star (birth, change, development and death).

b) 18.2 Using Newton's laws of motion and the concept of red shift to describe and predict a variety of universal phenomena (e.g., planetary orbits, galactic rotation, universe expansion, etc.).

c) 18.3 Inferring size, age, composition, mass, and temperature of stars and other celestial objects from information about light (and other electromagnetic radiation) received from nearby stars or H/R diagrams and spectrographs.

d) 18.5 Given various "nearby" stars, calculating the age a student would be if a radio message they sent today traveled to the star and back.

Instruction: Day 1:

    1. Students will copy standards 18.1 - 18.3, and 18.5 in their notebooks.
    2. In Cooperative Groups, students will develop a proposal that will satisfy 18.1
      1. Students may create a 2-D model from the following choices:
        1. A poster.
        2. Painting.
      2. Students may create a Multimedia model from the following choices:
        1. PowerPoint. Note: Large PowerPoints files tend to get corrupted easily, so using PowerPoint requires students to create 6-7 separate files to show their model.
        2. HyperStudio or Director. Note: HyperStudio is fairly easy to learn and run. Director provides more control, but it requires that students have had experience with the program before doing this project.
        3. WEB page or JAVA script. Note: This requires at least one student who is fairly proficient at WEB design.
      3. Students may create a 3-D model from the following choices:
        1. Clay
        2. Styrofoam
        3. Food. Note: Food must be coated in lacquer to prevent spoilage and/or pest control.
    3. In Cooperative Groups, students will rewrite 18.3 so that a 5th grader can understand the standard.

Self-Check: Homework (Research)

Vocabulary: Students will research the following words, and will attempt to write the definitions in their own words:

Star Classifications

Binary Stars

Luminosity

Mass-Luminosity Relation

Reflection

Refraction

Index of refraction

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram

Determining a star's distance

Determining a star's radii

Determining a star's mass

Day 2: Check for Understanding

    1. In Cooperative Groups, students will share definitions. Students will work towards understanding the terms, rather than copying each other's definitions. The teacher will check each group's definitions.
    2. Review of the terms, and focus on reflection and refraction for the following lab.

Self-Check: Homework (Math & Graphing )

    1. Scientific Notation Problems
    2. Students will create the following three graphs based upon their solar system projects for all planets.
      1. Escape Velocity VS mass,
      2. Escape Velocity VS gravity, and
      3. Escape Velocity VS distance from the Sun.
    3. Students will write a paragraph that describes the above graphs, then indicate which graph best describes a planet's escape velocity.

Day 3: Check for Understanding

    1. In Cooperative Groups, students will correct their Scientific Notation and Graphs.

Instruction

    1. Introduce the Reflection/Refraction Lab.
    2. Students will write their introduction and methods for the above lab. (see the syllabus for details of the lab report format).

Day 4: Instruction

    1. Students will work in pairs on the Reflection/Refraction Lab.
    2. Check for Understanding

    3. Students will prepare figures for the results section of their lab reports.
    4. Self-Check

    5. Students will write their lab reports. Due the following Monday.

Day 5: Instruction

    1. Introduce proofreading.
    2. Check for Understanding

    3. In Cooperative Groups, students will proofread their lab reports.
    4. Self-Check

    5. Students will rewrite their lab reports based upon comments from their groups.

Day 6: Check for Understanding

    1. In Cooperative Groups, students will check their rewrites, turning in approved lab reports.

Instruction

    1. Introduce the Light Spectrum Lab.
    2. Students will research the above lab through handouts, and the Segway WEB site .
    3. Students will write their introduction and methods for the above lab.

Day 7: Instruction

    1. Students will work in pairs on the Light Spectrum Lab.
    2. Check for Understanding

    3. Students will prepare figures for the results section of their lab reports.
    4. Self-Check

    5. Students will write their lab reports. Due the following Monday.

Day 8: Check for Understanding

    1. In Cooperative Groups, students will proofread their lab reports.
    2. Self-Check

    3. Students will rewrite their lab reports based upon comments from their groups.

 

 

Closure:

Reflection:

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